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Flap surgery, also known as periodontal flap surgery or pocket reduction surgery, is a treatment option for advanced periodontitis(Gum Disease). It is a surgical procedure performed by a periodontist to treat gum disease and restore oral health.

Here's an overview of flap surgery for periodontitis:

1. Diagnosis:

Before recommending flap surgery, your periodontist will assess your oral health, including examining your gums, and evaluating X-rays. They will determine the extent of the gum disease and whether flap surgery is the appropriate treatment.

2. Anesthesia:

Procedure is typically performed under local anesthesia to numb the area being treated.

3. Cleaning and Debridement:

Once the flap (Gums) is lifted, the surgeon will have a clear view of the root surfaces and bone. They will carefully clean the surfaces, removing plaque, tartar, and bacteria from both the root surfaces and the surrounding area. This process is called scaling and root planing.

4. Bone Reshaping:

In some cases, the surgeon may need to reshape the bone around the teeth to eliminate irregularities or defects caused by the gum disease. This helps create a more favorable environment for gum tissue to heal and reattach to the teeth.

5. Flap Closure:

After cleaning and reshaping, the flap is repositioned and sutured back into place.

6. Follow-up Care:

After the surgery, your periodontist will provide instructions on how to care for your gums during the healing process. This may include recommendations for pain management, oral hygiene practices, and a follow-up appointment to monitor your progress.

Note : It's important to note that flap surgery is typically performed when non-surgical methods, such as scaling and root planing, have not effectively treated periodontitis. The aim of flap surgery is to create an environment conducive to gum tissue reattachment and healing. However, it's essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits and follow your dentist's instructions to prevent the recurrence of gum disease.